This volume provides a wide ranging and up-to-date account of human perception and production of musical structures, with a strong emphasis on empirical investigation, and the cognitive psychological principles underlying the intuitively based theorizing prevalent within the fields of music study.The first two thirds of the book focus mainly on music perception while the final third considers instrumental and vocal production. Topics covered include models of musical structure, recall of melodies, the perception and production of rhythm, the use of contour and internal information in melody recognition, and many more.The integration of state-of-the-art research with relevant background information provides a volume that will be essential reading for graduates, researchers, and advanced undergraduates in music psychology and of great relevance to musicologists and music students.FROM THE PREFACE: Music plays an important part in the lives of people of many cultures, serving as a component of ritual and as a source of recreation. The forms it may take vary from culture to culture and change over time. One integral feature of music that remains constant is that it involves the patterning or structuring of sound. Music theory provides ways of describing structure in music, but to comprehend musical structure fully we must focus on the human activities and capacities that give rise to and respond to it. The chapters in this volume describe recent advances in our understanding of musical structure as it exists in perception and performance.The scope of the volume is intended to be broad. The content ranges from an analysis of systems of pitch organisation in music theory to an account of the constraints on musical structure that may be imposed by the human motor system. The emphasis is on empirical investigation, and the need to base theoretical accounts of musical structure on extramusical principles relating to human cognition. Though the primary purpose of this volume is to convey the "state of the art" in the study of musical cognition, many of the chapters should be accessible to undergraduate students of music and psychology, and contain sufficient background material to provide an introduction to important topics within the field.