Dictionary of French landscape painters in the 19th century.
Book entirely in French. 864 illustrations, some full page and in colour.
Until the end of the 18th century, the representation of landscape, a minor genre, could only be justified on the basis of a historical, mythological or decorative reference. This idealisation is reduced under the influence of Rousseau, Sénancour and Chateaubriand who advocate a return to primitive nature. Landscape like happiness is a revolutionary idea.
At the beginning of the 19th century, two important stages took part in the development of a naturalist school. In 1816, the creation of a landscape class at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts sanctioned by the Academy with the Grand Prix du Paysage historique and in 1836 the foundation in Barbizon by Théodore Rousseau of the landscape school.
The discovery of reality through nature becomes the concern of artists, but also of writers, philosophers and scientists. With the landscape is born realism.
From now on, the French school has a landscape painting that no longer refers only to sites, light and atmospheric elements.
From classicism and romanticism to post-impressionism, the reader is invited to discover these generations of landscape painters. Lydia Harambourg lists in this Dictionary of Landscape Painters more than 3000 artists, leaders and masters, disciples, isolated and unknown.
This panorama is also a journey through time and space. The exploration by these artists of little-known or distant regions gave rise to travel relationships followed by their publications and gave rise to regional schools in France.
Before photography and reportage take over, landscape painting writes the history of our environment. By setting up his studio in the open air, the painter's gaze changes, he imposes a vision of things seen differently, leading to technical changes that will lead to the formal daring of 20th century painting.
The 19th century landscape painting illustrated by this dictionary is the essential link in the history of art which is that of man.
Includes original slipcover.
CONDITION: Very minor dent to top edge for 1cm section at pages 163-173 otherwise nearly as new, very clean and bright with slipcover.